Venice is one of the world's most beautiful cities. It is made up of over a hundred islands in a lagoon in the northern Adriatic Sea. Venice is a cultural and tourist destination known for its museums, architecture, cityscape, and art world. Only around one-fourth of Venice's 280 000 inhabitants live in the city's historical center. The remainder reside on the mainland. Boats that travel up and down the city's many canals are the primary mode of transportation between the islands. The Canale Grande, which runs through the heart of Venice, is the main waterway. The islands are linked by hundreds of bridges. Motorboats have largely replaced the historic gondolas, which are now only used for sightseeing tours. People either walk or take so-called waterbuses to get around the islands. The Piazza San Marco, also known as Saint Mark's Square, is the heart of Venice. The piazza's main attractions are the city's most famous church, San Marco Basilica, and the Doge's Palace, which served as the residence of Venice's rulers for hundreds of years. The square is a popular tourist destination that is surrounded by cafes and vendors.
Lido, a 10-kilometer-long sandy island east of the historic center on the lagoon's rim, attracts thousands of beachgoers during the summer months. The Venice Film Festival is one of the city's major annual film events.
Venice has faced numerous challenges as a result of its sea-level location and global warming. The Mediterranean town has been regularly flooded by incoming tides over the centuries.
From November to February, they cause acqua alta, which causes sea levels to rise up to 1.5 meters and cover many of Venice's famous areas. To provide pedestrians with a path to walk, wooden walkways must be built. Many buildings' foundations have been damaged by seawater, necessitating ongoing repairs. Water seeps into the buildings, destroying the walls and the priceless frescoes. Industries and tourism have steadily reduced ground water levels in Venice, making building foundations unstable.
The islands are sinking at an alarming rate of 3 to 4 mm per year. City planners are working on building a series of steel gates that will hopefully prevent seawater from entering the lagoon.
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